Veges PE - W

WINTER SQUASH (Cucurbita maxima), (Cucurbita Pepo), (Cucurbita Moschata)

admin / December 6, 2017

Winter Squash are from the Americas, and Cucurbita Moschata varieties are known to have been cultivated in Southern Mexico and Peru for some 7500 years by the native peoples. Cucurbita Maxima varieties were originally native to South America, while Cucurbita Pepo varieties were native to North America. The word “Squash” comes from the native word “askutasquash”, which means “the green thing…

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Veges PE - W

WATERMELON ( Citrullus lanatus)

admin / December 6, 2017

Watermelon fruit is a tricky crop to grow in the North of the UK due to the high temperatures and long growing season required to ripen the fruit. Text books quote the temperature requirements as a daytime temperature of 30 C and a nighttime temperature of 24 C, which is beyond the capabilities of the typical cool greenhouse. Therefore to have…

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Veges PE - W

WATERCRESS

admin / December 6, 2017

Traditionally, watercress would be grown in running water, but that is not strictly necessary. Watercress is a native, frost tender plant. While you can collect wild watercress from streams, this can be dangerous because of the possibility of being contaminated with liver fluke, if cows and sheep use the water upstream. Health Benefits. Weight for weight, watercress contains more vitamin C…

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Veges PE - W

TURNIP ( Brassica napa Rapifera Group)

admin / December 6, 2017

Turnips are yet another member of the cabbage family and have possibly been cultivated from Prehistoric times. The wild ancestors of the cultivated Turnip are still found growing in Europe and Asia. Turnips are usually a slightly flattened globe shape, with most of the globe being above ground. The flesh is usually cream coloured while the globe can be cream or…

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Veges PE - W

TOMATILLO (Physalis philadelphica and ixocarpa)

admin / December 6, 2017

The tomatillo, pronounced toh-mah-tee-yo apparently, was domesticated by the Aztecs, perhaps as far back as 800 BC. Tomatillos are in the solanaceae family and are related to tomatoes and Cape Gooseberries. The fruits themselves are small (golf ball sized), spherical green or green-purple in colour depending on the variety, and are covered with a slightly sticky, waxy layer which is very…

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Veges PE - W

TOMATO VARIETIES

admin / December 6, 2017

As there are hundreds of different tomato varieties available commercially, it might seem to be a difficult choice to choose which ones to grow each year. However, if you break down the criteria, it is not too difficult. Are they to be grown in a cool greenhouse or in the open ground? The ones to be grown in the greenhouse will normally…

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Veges PE - W

TOMATO (Lycopersicon esculentum)

admin / December 6, 2017

Tomatoes, named by the Aztecs, tomati, have been bred from some 10 wild species native to Ecuador and  Peru. Brought to Europe by the “Conquistadors” in the 16th century, many of the tomatoes were yellow. Nowadays, they come in all shapes, sizes and colours, from green through to black. There could be thousands of varieties in existence, though there are probably…

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Veges PE - W

SWEET POTATO ( Ipomoea batatas)

admin / December 6, 2017

Sweet potatoes are in the same family as convolvulus  and have the same sort of flowers as the garden flower. Sweet potatoes are a herbaceous perennial vine, but are grown as an annual to harvest the sweet potato roots. Having been domesticated at least 5000 years ago in the tropical parts of South America, they thrive best where the average temperature is…

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Veges PE - W

SWEET CORN (Zea mays)

admin / December 6, 2017

The latest research suggests that corn was domesticated in Mexico some 9000 years ago from a wild grass. A few thousand years later, it was introduced to South America. Small fossils of corn have been found at two mound sites on the Peru coast. The natives used the corn in several ways including popcorn and making flour from corn. By the…

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Veges PE - W

SWEDE (Brassica napus)

admin / December 6, 2017

This is the turnip-like yellow fleshed vegetable which is harvested in the winter and is Winter hardy. This is the one to use for “Haggis, tatties and neeps”. Much maligned as only suitable for sheep fodder, but it is in fact a tasty vegetable with a sweet flavour. It may have been introduced to this country from Sweden. Easy to sow in…

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